Camp Roxas Film Project
Under the American Sun, an independently produced 60-minute film documentary currently in production, will trace the history of Filipino-American immigrants to Guam who resided in Camp Roxas in Agat after World War II as part of the military reconstruction effort. 
Preliminary funding was provided through the Guam Humanities Council by the National Endowment for Humanities for a photo exhibit, discussion series and a 10-minute introductory film.  When funding was discontinued (1) (2) through the Guam Humanities Council, the Camp Roxas Film Project pursued alternate grant funding as an independent film documentary. The film is currently in post-production and awaiting completion for international broadcast. 
From the private collection of Jovito & Pilar Malilay (used with permission) 
Under the American Sun (Camp Roxas Film Project), Bernie Provido Schumann,  P.O. Box 5307, Hagatna, GU 96932
Director Burt Sardoma and Producer Bernadette Provido Schumann stand in front of aged concrete columns, now in ruins, that once held a welcome sign to the Camp Roxas Recreation Center. (Camp Roxas Film Project photo)
Click HERE to view Under the American Sun (22-minute version). Initial funding provided by Guam Humanities Council and National Endowment for the Humanities: We the People. Current funding provided by independent donors.

Burt Sardoma Jr., Director
Bernie Provido Schumann, Producer 
Alex C. Munoz, Producer
Josephine Mallo-Garrido, Associate Producer
Alfred Peredo Flores, Associate Producer
Norman Analista, Special Projects

Partial Listing
Camp Roxas Residents
(1946 - 1972)
UPDATED 3//9/2019

Click HERE to download
PDF file.

This is not an official list. The names shown here were compiled at the request of Camp Roxas descendants from several sources and from voluntary submissions. This list originally was not intended for public use and names may be omitted. This list represents only a small fraction of thousands of unaccounted names and is for informational purposes only.
Camp Roxas families group photo at Nov. 26, 2013 Agat Village Market. 

Bernie Provido Schumann received the 2014 Gawad Ulirang Pilipino award, media category, for her work regarding Under the American Sun - Camp Roxas Film Project. The award was sponsored by the Filipino Community of Guam, in partnership with IPE (Shell Guam) and IT&E. 
Tabitha Espina Velasco documents the experience of the first generation of Filipino-Americans on Guam in “The Ube (“Roots”) Generation, published in Humanities Diliman: A Journal of Philippine Humanities, University of the Philippines, Diliman.

Also published by Velasco is "Engaging Existing and Emergent Experiences: Narratives among Young Filipinas on Guam," Race and Pedagogy Journal: Teaching and Learning for Justice, Vol. 3, Issue 2, University of Puget Sound.
Academic Research Regarding the Camp Roxas Experience
and Post-WWII Filipino Labor on Guam
 (Click each image / link to download / view document)
Dr. Alfred Peredo Flores, Assistant Professor of History and Ethnic Studies at Riverside City College, Riverside California /
Under the American Sun Associate Producer
Tabitha Espina Velasco, Bernardita Provido and Bernie Provido Schumann
"Addressing American Empire in the Pacific: Chamorro-American Identity and Filipino Settler Colonialism in 20th Century Guam," by Kristin Oberiano, Occidental College, American Studies Undergraduate Research, Journal of Micronesia, Volume 1, University of Guam, pages 15 - 39. Oberiano is a Camp Roxas descendant.
"The Colonial Boundaries of Exilic Discourse: Contextualizing Mabini’s Incarceration in Guahan," UCLA Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2019, Josephine Faith Ong.
"Remembering Camp Roxas" Hita Talk, sponsored by Guam Museum on June 15, 2019, featured the short film, "Under the American Sun," presented by Burt Sardoma Jr. Bernie Schumann and JoAnna Renee Delfin facilitated the panel discussion. Guest panelists were Peter Judicpa, Cynthia Nisay, Josephine Garrido, Larry Panaguiton, Patrick Luces and Darlene Moore.
A section of the June to July 2019 Guam Museum exhibit, In Hahasso Ha': Nina'en Pås yan Inagofli'e' (We Still Remember: A Legacy of Peace and Friendship) in commemoration of the 75th Anniversary of the Liberation of Guam, is dedicated to the men and women of Camp Roxas.
During the June 15, 2019 "Remembering Camp Roxas" Hita Talk at the Guam Museum, archeologist Darlene Moore of Micronesian Archeological Services described an alcove discovered by Filipino Sumitomo construction workers clearing the site of the former Camp Roxas chapel for the Agat-Santa Rita Wastewater Treatment Plant. (Click HERE to download 2018 archeological report submitted to Guam Waterworks Authorithy). 
Archeologist Discovers Camp Roxas Chapel Alcove
 - Patterns of Filipino Migration to Guam: United States Military Colonialism and Its Aftermath, Ann M. Pobutsky and Enrico I. Neri, Philippine Studies, Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints, 66, No 1 (2018) 77-84 | Copyright Ateneo de Manila University. 

- Cultural Integration and Separation: The Pre-historical and Historical Links between Guam and the Philippines, or Where Did All the Filipinos Go?, Ann M. Pobutsky and Enrico I. Neri, Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society, Vol. 42 (2014): 1-15, (c) University of San Carlos Press
Enrico Neri and Ann Pobutsky

- Yap, Valerie (2015) "From Transient Migration to Homemaking: Filipino Immigrants in Guam", Chan, Yuk Wah, Fung, Heidi and Szymaska-Matusiewicz, Grayna (eds.) (2015) The Age of Asian Migration: Continuity, Diversity and Susceptibility Volume 2, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 157-174.

- Camp Edusa, Barracks Foundations,(Wettengel Elementary School),northwest of the intersection of Marine Corps Drive and Route 3,Dededo,Guam - Photographs / written historical and descriptive data, Historic Amaerican Buildings Survey, Pacific West Regional Office, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 333 Bush Street, San Francisco, CA 94104

- Regional Cold War History for Department of Defense Installations in Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, Jayne Aaron, LEED AP, Architectural Historian, July 2011, 09-454, Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program

Archaeological Investigations and Oral History of the Agat-Santa Rita Wastewater Treatment Plant Area of Potential Effect (APE), Lots 238-1-4 and 238-1-R5, Santa Rita, Guam, Darlene R. Moore, MARS, Judith R. Amesbury, MARS, Thomas Leppard, IARII, Adam Lauer, IARII, Justin Maxwell, IARII, and Rick Schaefer; prepared for Duenas, Camacho, and Associates, Inc. and Guam Waterworks Authority. Micronesian Archaeological Research Services, Inc..2018
The discovery of passenger ship manifests documenting the arrival of batches of hundreds of Camp Roxas workers by Under the American Sun (Camp Roxas Film Project) provides undeniable evidence of the historical impact of Filipino workers on Guam. This monumental milestone became the latest interview topic as filming resumed on Dec. 12, 2021.

Josephine Mallo-Garrido, associate producer, described to Bernie Provido Schumann how she discovered and gathered online manifests from national archives using names from a private list maintained by film producers since 2006. 

Burt Sardoma, film director and Camp Roxas descendant, found his father’s name on a ship passenger manifest dated Nov. 20, 1949. The aged and tattered three-page legal-sized document, now with scribbled side notes and three punch holes, somehow survived rough storage in a binder.

Listed in alphabetical order, the name of Felixberto S. Sardoma is among 30 typists along with 81 laborers, 67 stevedores, two painter supervisors, four painters, ten generator operators, one clerk dispatcher, and one police officer. All weathered the rough voyage from Iloilo in a third-class passenger bunk deep in the ship’s hull. He was 22 years old when he stepped off the U.S. Navy Ship Gen. Daniel L. Sultan gangplank on Guam. 

Leading the Luzon Stevedoring Company group was the elderly Fermin Zapanta Sr., who spent the voyage in a comparably luxurious first-class upper-deck cabin, assisted by a traveling labor supervisor who watched over the group in the lower decks. Zapanta was designated as Camp Roxas labor superintendent by the late Ilonggo Congressman Pascualing Espinosa, head of the Consolidated Labor Union of the Philippines (CLUP). Camp Roxas management eventually changed years later to the late Donald Marshal(obituary) and recruitment continued until the Filipino labor camp closed in 1972.

Other manifests show Felixberto S. Sardoma’s various return trips to the Philippines and back to Guam. Manifests with names of many other workers, including Loreto Provido, father of producer Bernadette Schumann, another Camp Roxas descendant, are available for viewing at the Micronesian Area Resource Center, University of Guam. 

Unfortunately, these documents are incomplete, as many manifests are missing or lost, and countless names are omitted. These manifests, which represent only a tiny fraction of thousands of unaccounted Filipino workers, provide critical evidence of the historical recruitment efforts by the U.S. military in rebuilding post-World War II Guam.

Under the American Sun Details Historical Impact of Ship Manifests
Camp Roxas ship manifests from 1947 to 1957, compiled by Under the American Sun, are available for viewing at Micronesian Area Research Center, University of Guam. To request copies, contact Cynthia Nisay, Iloilo International Association, at / (671) 988-3753
Felixberto S. Sardoma, father of  film director Burt Sardoma, as a young man in the Camp Roxas chapel.
USNS General Daniel I. Sultan - U.S. Navy photo
Fermin Zapanta Sr., Camp Roxas labor superintendent - From the private collection of the family of Fermin Zapanta Sr  (used with permission)
Felixberto Sardoma at his family-owned snack shop.
Enrico Imperio Neri was born and raised in the Philippines and is a retired researcher from the University of Guam and the Research Corporation of the University of Hawaii. Ann Pobutsky is Enrico’s wife and although she was born and raised in Michigan, Ann has spent most of her adult life in the Pacific Islands. Ann is currently the Territorial Epidemiologist for the island of Guam, and is a sociologist demographer/ social epidemiologist. by training. Enrico and Ann met on the island of Guam. Their work together has explored the occupational stratification of Filipinos in Guam and in Hawaii.
Camp Roxas
Station 18 Sumay
 Federal 1950 Census 
Note: This is a large  87-page 
pdf file containing about 
2,000 names, 
Camp Roxas worker names
begin on page 3

Colleen Woods, Associate Professor, Department of History, University of Maryland, studies U.S. history in a global context, with a special focus on Asia and the Pacific.